• Eritrea


    Like the economies of many African nations, a large share of Eritrea’s population – nearly 80% – is engaged in subsistence agriculture. However, the sector only produces a small share of the country’s total output. Copper, potash and gold production is likely to drive economic growth over the next few years. Eritrea’s economic future will depend on, among others, market reform and global food prices.

    Name State of Eritrea

    Capital Asmara

    Frequency of elections Every five years

    Name of parliament Eritrean National Assembly

    Languages Tigrinya, Arabic, English, Tigre, Kunama, Afar

    Area 117 600 km2

    Population 6 380 803 (July 2014 est)

    Imports Machinery, petroleum products, food, manufactured goods

    Exports Livestock, sorghum, textiles, food, small manufactures

    Currency Nakfa

    Source: CIA World Factbook
    Image: Gallo/GettyImages