• Lesotho


    Lesotho is small, mountainous and completely landlocked by South Africa. The country depends on a narrow economic base of textile manufacturing, agriculture, remittances and regional customs revenue. About three-fourths of the people live in rural areas and engage in animal herding and subsistence agriculture. Lesotho relies on South Africa for much of its economic activity, importing some 90% of the goods it consumes from South Africa, including most agricultural inputs. Diamond mining in Lesotho has grown in recent years and is forecast to contribute 8.5% to GDP in 2015.

    Name Kingdom of Lesotho

    Capital Maseru

    Frequency of elections Every five years

    Name of parliament Parliament of the Kingdom of Lesotho

    Parliament website www.parliament.ls

    Languages Sesotho, English, Zulu, Xhosa

    Area 30 355 km2

    Population 1 942 008 (July 2014 est)

    Imports Food, building materials, machinery, medicines, petroleum products

    Exports Water, electricity, diamonds, clothing, footwear, wool and mohair, food and live animals

    Currency Maloti

    Source: CIA World Factbook
    Image: Gallo/GettyImages