• Mauritania


    Mauritania’s economy is dominated by natural resources and agriculture. While half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, GDP growth has been driven by foreign investment in the mining and oil sectors. Mauritania’s extensive mineral resources include iron ore, gold, copper, gypsum and phosphate rock. Exploration is ongoing for uranium, crude oil and natural gas. 

    Name Islamic Republic of Mauritania

    Capital Nouakchott

    Frequency of elections Every five years

    Name of parliament National Assembly of Mauritania

    Parliament website www.assembleenationale.mr

    Languages Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

    Area 1 030 700 km2

    Population 3 516 806 (July 2014 est)

    Imports Machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

    Exports Iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum

    Currency Mauritanian ouguiya

    Source: CIA World Factbook
    Image: Gallo/GettyImages