• Guinea-Bissau


    Subsistence agriculture forms the basis of the Guinea-Bissau economy. The country has substantial potential for development of mineral resources including phosphates, bauxite and mineral sands. While its climate and soil make it feasible to grow a wide range of cash crops, fruit and vegetables, cashews generate more than 80% export receipts and are the main source of income for many rural communities.

    Name Republic of Guinea-Bissau

    Capital Bissau

    Frequency of elections Every five years

    Name of parliament National Popular Assembly

    Parliament website www.anpguinebissau.org

    Languages Portuguese, Crioulo, indigenous languages

    Area 36 125 km2

    Population 1 693 398 (July 2014 est)

    Imports Foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products

    Exports Fish, shrimp, cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn lumber

    Currency Communauté Financière Africaine franc

    Source: CIA World Factbook
    Image: Gallo/GettyImages