• Madagascar


    Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of Madagascar’s economy. It accounts for more than one-fourth of GDP and employs roughly 80% of the population. Deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, are serious concerns. However, expansion in mining and agricultural sectors contributed to growth on the island in 2014.

    Name Republic of Madagascar

    Capital Antananarivo

    Frequency of elections Every five years

    Name of parliament National Assembly of Madagascar

    Parliament website www.assemblee-nationale.mg

    Languages French, Malagasy, English

    Area 587 041 km2

    Population 23 201 926 (July 2014 est)

    Imports Capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food

    Exports Coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products

    Currency Malagasy ariary

    Source: CIA World Factbook
    Image: Gallo/GettyImages